With the power off, or at the
Press any key to reboot prompt,
insert the Boot Disk
(CD-ROM or floppy disk, depending on your system)
into the drive.
If you have multiple floppy, LS-120, and/or CD-ROM
drives in your system, make sure you use
the primary drive (sometimes called the boot drive).
Check your computer hardware manual if you are unsure which
is the primary drive.
Turn on your computer (or press any key to continue from haltsys).
Boot: prompt, press <Enter> or enter
any required boot strings or Boot-Time Loadable Drivers.
The system checks to see what hardware is present and if there
are any hardware problems.
Each stage of checking generates a letter ranging from D through M.
``Kernel initialization check letters''
for an explanation of these letters.
Press <Enter> to start the IQM phase of
Follow the instructions on each screen
and complete the information fields,
using the answers that you recorded in the
Installation and Upgrade Checklist.
Two lines at the bottom of each screen give brief
instructions for completing the fields.
For more detailed help, press <F1>.
Press <Space> to see a list of options from which you can select.
``Responding to prompts''
for more help on using the IQM screens.
Licensing, Installation Media Device, and Upgrade Path Information
Review the Restricted Rights Legend then select Continue.
Read the License information then select Accept to continue.
Specify the information about your CD-ROM drive,
make sure the CD is in the drive, and press <Enter>.
If you began the installation with the floppy Boot Disk,
do not remove the floppy disk from the drive.
If you have an IDE CD-ROM drive:
For ``IDE Controller'',
select Primary if the CD-ROM drive is attached
to the Primary IDE controller in a system with one or
two IDE controllers.
Select Secondary if the CD-ROM drive is attached
to the Secondary IDE controller in a system with two
For ``Master or Slave'',
select Master if the CD-ROM drive is configured
as a Master device.
Select Slave if the CD-ROM drive is configured
as a Slave device.
A hard disk and a CD-ROM drive present on the same IDE
controller are usually configured as Master and Slave devices, respectively.
If no hard disk drive is present on the same controller, the CD-ROM
drive is usually configured as a Master device.
If you have a SCSI CD-ROM drive,
the SCSI address for the drive is usually
SCSI ID 5 (or 6).
If you select the incorrect address for the
and another device is actually present at that address, you
cannot successfully change to the correct address.
Press <F2> to quit the installation, then start again from the beginning.
If you have a USB CD-ROM drive,
enter the CD-ROM drive's USB device ID.
If the CD-ROM drive is the only
USB storage device attached to your system,
the ID is ``0''. If your system
contains additional USB storage devices,
you may need to cycle through the USB device IDs
in the point-and-pick list until you
discover the ID currently assigned to the CD-ROM drive.
All USB devices that will be employed
during the SCO OpenServer installation should be attached to the
system before you turn on the computer.
Once you begin installing SCO OpenServer,
you should not attach or remove
any USB devices (including hubs)
until the installation is complete.
Specify a keyboard type.
Enter your SCO OpenServer license number, code, and data.
The next screen detects whether your system is suitable for
an Upgrade installation or not.
If the ``Installation Type'' field reads Fresh and you cannot
highlight any other choice, your system cannot be upgraded.
Installation and Upgrade Checklist
to make sure you have all the necessary information, then
continue with a Fresh installation.
System Level Information
On the next screen, you need to:
enter the system name and your domain name
select the desired security profile. Choose Traditional
unless you have another preference.
select your time zone
specify your default language setup. Choose C
unless you have another preference.
On the next screen, select either the
Standard Enterprise System or the
Lightweight Character Terminal
(no networking or X graphics) configuration. You can also elect
to use large databases.
Disk Setup and Software Selections
Select the method for setting up your hard disk(s)
and select any optional software that you want installed:
The default hard disk setup is to preserve the
existing layout and perform bad track checking.
Partition setup options include:
Use the current disk setup as partition
and division layout. (Enter <Space> to display the current
setup.) Choose this option if the existing layout
Create one partition that contains
only the UNIX system with a default division layout.
(Enter <Space> to display the default setup.)
Choose this option if the single-use UNIX and division
layout is acceptable.
Specify UNIX, optional DOS,
or other partitions, and division names, sizes, and
mountpoints within UNIX partition.
Choose this option if you need to set or adjust
partitions or divisions.
Runs the fdisk and divvy utilities
to specify partitions and divisions. Note
that this option defers hard disk setup until
you have completed the IQM phase (see
Bad tracking options include:
None is fastest and probably safe to
select for a new hard disk. Quick
is fast and gives some update. Thorough
is slow but more certain. Destructive
will overwrite anything already on the disk.
Software selection is divided into several
``Operating System Services''
The base operating system services and utilities
The Volution Manager client for SCO OpenServer
The X server, X clients, and the Desktop
Network drivers, TCP/IP, NFS,
IPX/SPX, and LAN Manager
The Mozilla and Netscape Communicator web browsers,
the Netscape Java plugin, and the Internet Manager
Manual pages and online documentation (in HTML
Native language support files
You can customize what is installed in
each of these categories.
The various development environments that are
included with SCO OpenServer, including the
SCO OpenServer Development System and
the GNU Development Tools,
cannot be installed at this time. To do so, use the
after the SCO OpenServer installation is complete.
Final Configuration Information
On the next screen, make the following selections:
``Network Card'' and ``Network Address''
If you have a PCI network adapter,
selecting Autodetection is easiest.
Otherwise, select an adapter from the list.
Network addressing can be deferred until after
the installation. Otherwise, enter the desired
IP address, netmask, and broadcast
address. Either TCP/IP or
IPX/SPX can be configured at this point.
``Video and Graphics''
The default is VESA SVGA. Select
the video adapter, video mode, and resolution
for that adapter; the monitor type or size;
and whether you want automatic graphical login.
Select the appropriate mouse from the list.
You can configure a Bus,
PS/2 (Low and High Resolution Keyboard mouse),
Serial (on COM1), or USB mouse.
MMDF is the default. Choose
Sendmail if you will use advanced
features of the Internet Services, such as
virtual domains, or if your systems currently
Assign the root (superuser or administration) password.
You must enter a password at this time.
The system name is a good placeholder if
you want to decide on your official
root password at a later time.
Do not forget the root password.
To restore a forgotten root password, you must contact
your support provider for assistance.
If you selected the
Interactive fdisk/divvy disk setup option,
the installation now prompts you to initialize your hard disk.
Follow the instructions in
``Partitioning a hard disk using fdisk''
``Dividing a disk partition into divisions using divvy''
to complete this step.
Do not allocate all of the available space to the
optional /u filesystem.
This will leave insufficient space for the root filesystem.
If the root filesystem has insufficient space, the installation will fail.
If you encounter an error at this point, reboot the system and
start the installation again from the beginning.
Do not attempt to move backwards through the installation screens.
If you selected it,
utility runs next.
If you encounter an error during badtrk, reboot
the system and start the installation again from the beginning.
The software load begins after any disk setup or badtracking.
Software load is the longest stage of the installation, but it can
As the installation loads each software component
onto the hard disk, you see messages such as:
Installing: SCO UNIX System V Operating system (Ver 5.0.7)
Installing Phase: Copying files from the media
Installation Status: Copying file
These messages are logged in the custom log
for future reference.
After the software is loaded, the kernel (/stand/unix) is rebuilt.
This takes several minutes.
The /stand directory
also contains two other bootable kernels,
to use in case unix will not boot.
unix.safe is the same as unix, but with all
third-party drivers removed.
unix.install is the kernel used during installation and
contains most drivers.
``Booting an old kernel''
for more information.
If you linked BTLDs in at boot time,
you see a table of the packages installed on the disk.
Enter the name of the BTLD package to install,
or press <Enter> to install the default package.
The system shuts down, then
Press any key to reboot.
Remove the Boot Disk from the drive,
then press any key.
Boot: prompt, press <Enter>.
To do any of the following, enter the root password
when you see:
INIT: SINGLE USER MODE
Set up a serial mouse.
If you have a serial mouse that is
not installed on COM1, configure it now.
``Adding serial and parallel ports''
``Adding mice and bitpads''.
Install additional software or remove software.
To install or remove software, see
``Installing and managing software components''.
When installing language products with the Software
Manager, make sure you select the language product
that matches your initial product configuration.
For example, if you installed the SCO OpenServer Enterprise System
and want to add the German product,
select ``Enterprise German Language Support''.
Configure the network.
If you installed the ``Connectivity'' components
and deferred network configuration during initial installation,
you can configure the network now.
``Configuring network connections''.
Install Internet Services components.
If you selected a full installation
on your Enterprise or Desktop system,
the Mozilla, Netscape Communicator, and Lynx web browsers
and the Internet Manager
were automatically installed.
If you did not select a full installation,
follow the instructions in
``Installing and managing software components''
to install the desired Internet Services components.
If you selected sendmail during the installation,
you can use the Internet Manager
to configure your mail system and can make use of advanced
features such as creating virtual domains. If you chose MMDF,
you cannot use the Internet Manager to configure
You can switch mail systems by removing the SCO OpenServer MMDF (MMDF)
package and adding the SCO OpenServer sendmail (SendMail) component.
``Installing and managing software components''.
for information on configuring sendmail.
SCO PPP from Morning Star allows
you to use the Internet Manager to configure your
By default, SCO PPP from Morning Star
is not installed when you install your SCO OpenServer system.
To install and use SCO PPP from Morning Star,
remove the SCO PPP (tcp:PPP) package
and add the SCO PPP from Morning Star (mstppp)
package, then configure connections with the Internet Manager.
``Installing and managing software components'',
``Accessing the network'',
``Configuring Internet Services''.
Bring the system up in multiuser mode
INIT: SINGLE USER MODE prompt
by pressing <Ctrl>D.
(Or, from single-user mode, press <Ctrl>D at the
Then, when you see
INIT: SINGLE USER MODE,
press <Ctrl>D again.)
If the displayed time is correct, press <Enter>.
If the time is incorrect, enter the current time.
As the system starts up, you see copyright credits, followed by
software component start-up messages.
When you see the graphical scologin screen on
tty02, or the
login: prompt on tty01,
the system is ready.
To start the Desktop, log in as root at the
screen on tty02 (press <Ctrl><Alt><F2> if it is not displayed).
To log in on a character screen,
switch from the graphical login screen on tty02 by
(where n is
the function key associated with another tty, such as <F1>).
Then, log in as root.
For more information about scologin, see
``Starting a Graphical Environment session''
At this time you can:
Make a complete backup of your system.
``Running unscheduled filesystem backups''.
If your system should become corrupted, you can use this backup,
along with the emergency boot floppy disk set that you create
in the next step, to restore it without
having to reinstall the software completely.
``Backing up filesystems''
for a complete discussion of backups.
Make regular backups of your filesystems so that,
if corruption occurs, you have a recent backup of your
system to restore.
Create an emergency boot floppy disk set for your system.
These disks allow you to recover your root filesystem
quickly if it becomes so corrupted that you cannot start the
system from your hard disk.
``Creating an emergency boot floppy disk set''
Then, test the emergency floppy disk set, and verify that you can
read the backup you made in the previous step according
to the directions in
``Examining the contents of a backup''.
Register your SCO OpenServer software.
``Registering SCO OpenServer products''.
The system displays frequent reminders until you
register the software you installed.